But first the terms!
A Hue is a color such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, and so on…
Tone is the tint or shade of a hue (color).
A Tint is the variation of lightness or intensity of a Hue such as pale red or intense red. With oils, acrylics, gouache, and pastels we add white to make a hue lighter. Notice the different tones in the following painting:
With watercolor we add clear water to make the hue lighter or more transparent to let the white paper show through (as we learned in lesson #19 about atmospheric perspective where we painted mountains lighter and lighter as they receded in the distance).
A Shade, like shading, is a variation of a hue by adding black.
With watercolor we can add a little black to make a hue darker or we can add the hue’s compliment, the color that is straight across from it on the color wheel.
Above is an example of two containers. The first one was painted by using the compliment of red (which is green) to make a shade on the dark side of it. The second container was painted by using black to make the shade, or shadow. There is a difference, isn’t there? I used clear water on the lighter areas on both of them to make the lighter tint.
Now that you know four new terms, hue, tone, tint, and shade, lets do some exercises to test and practice training your “artistic eye”.
To test you, I have drawn some shapes. Choose the test that is most challenging but not too hard for you to do. Draw each shape in the space beside it, just like we did with the Grid. Level one is the easiest. I have left more spaces to practice each shape on the right hand exercises.
Level three is more challenging.
Children love these exercises! You may click and drag these images onto your desktop and print them from there.
See these trees? Can you tell what kind each one is? Practice drawing them on your own and next week I will show you some shortcuts.
Now practice drawing this line drawing. Notice that the composition is similar to the painted sunset at the top of the page. We’ll continue more next week – ENJOY DRAWING AND PAINTING!