Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Lessson #16 Linear Perspective Continued

Let’s start right where we left off last time! Remember our long horizontal line with a vanishing point on the left side and on the right (Review lesson #15)?


Let’s make some windows and a door on our building. Pick a place you want a window to be and draw two vertical lines on the right side of your building with your triangle (braced on the bottom by a T-square or horizontally level ruler).

Decide where you want the top and bottom of your window to be and draw those two lines with your ruler positioned from the right vanishing point (just like we did for the floor and ceiling of the building in the last lesson).


Now pick a place for a door and two more windows on the right side of the building. Draw them in with virtical lines, and then with horizontal lines using the right vanishing point.

For a big window on the left side of the building draw two vertical lines for the sides of the window and two lines for the top and bottom of the window using the left vanishing point.

Let’s make them French-style windows by drawing some horizontal lines for the window panes using the left vanishing point for the windows on the left side of the building, and the right vanishing point for the windows on the right side of the building.

Using your triangle and level ruler (or T-square) draw vertical lines to complete the panes.

You can also draw in the top of the door just as you did the top of the windows and just “free hand” a little window in the door for fun.

And the attic needs a vent! Let’s put one up high on the left side of the building using your triangle for the vertical lines and the left vanishing point for the top and bottom of the tiny vent.

And we need a chimney, don’t we? Using the right vanishing point draw in a short horizontal line in a short distance in from the right edge of the roof.

Connect the end of that line with another short line up to the top of the roof, the same angle as the right side slant of the roof.

Now make three virtical lines with your triangle, one from where the two lines intersect on the corner of the roof; one up from the side of the roof just a tad lower than where your first line hits the side edge; and the third just a tad to the left of where your slanted line ends at the top of the roof.

Now to top off the chimney: Put your pencil on the top tip of the middle line and draw a horizontal line using your left vanishing point until it intersects with the left virtical line of your chimney.

Next put your pencil on top of the middle line of your chimney and draw a horizontal line using your right vanishing point until it intersects with the top of the right virtical line of your chimney. There! You just did a very complex thing!

Lets use your imagination and draw a “free hand” sidewalk Remember, the sidewalk looks a little wider as it comes at you. Use your right vanishing point to draw in the trowel lines because the sidewalk is coming from the right side of the building.

Now let’s put on some siding. Make little marks at even distance from each other on the station point line as a guide for the slats of siding. Using your ruler and the left vanishing point for the left side of the building and the right vanishing point for the right side of the building draw in the horizontal lines representing siding.


Free hand a little door knob. And erase the little roof lines in the chimney.

Now let’s make sure it’s a brick chimney by starting at the middle chimney line and drawing horizontal lines to the left using the left vanishing point and to the right using the right vanishing points.

And end by drawing short little virtical lines to make it look like bricks. You can also make round-ish little circles to look like a stone chimney instead of brick.

For a challenge you can practice with a two story building if you’d like.

Next week we’ll landscape our building! Are you having fun?

2 comments:

Honor Martinez said...

Thanks for your blog. I need the refreshers and they are very simple but to the point. I was doing plein air yesterday involving a building and I wish I had this refresher first. Thanks for your excellent work. Honor

Mara Mattia said...

You're so welcome, Honor! It sounds like you have learned this before and are applying it to your art without thinking about it. Isn't it nice to know you never really forget this stuff?